Firearms Policies of Canada's Political Parties



Conservative Party of Canada
The Conservative Party of Canada overwhelmingly passed new resolutions for its Firearms Policy at the 2016 convention in Vancouver. The resolutions are as follows:
1: A Conservative government will not deprive Canadian citizens of their legally acquired firearms.

2: A Conservative government recognizes that civilian firearm ownership is a Canadian Heritage.

3: A Conservative government would streamline firearms classification by adopting the Simplified Classification System.

4: A Conservative government would order a review of firearms-related laws to identify parts of those Acts that have no public safety value.


The proposed Simplified Classification System written with the assistance of the Canadian Shooting Sports Association would be as follows:

Prohibited:
(a) an automatic firearm, or
(b) a firearm that is adapted from a rifle or shotgun, whether by sawing, cutting, or any other alteration, and that, as so adapted, is less than 660 mm in length.

Restricted:
(a) a firearm that is not a prohibited firearm,
(b) a handgun, or
(c) a firearm that is designed or adapted to be fired when reduced to a length of less than 660 mm by folding, telescoping, or otherwise.

Non-Restricted:
a firearm that is not a prohibited or restricted firearm.


Liberal Party of Canada
We will take pragmatic action to make it harder for criminals to get, and use, handguns and assault weapons. We will:
•repeal changes made by Bill C-42 that allow restricted and prohibited weapons to be freely transported without a permit, and we will put decision-making about weapons restrictions back in the hands of police, not politicians;
•provide $100 million each year to the provinces and territories to support guns and gangs police task forces to take illegal guns off our streets and reduce gang violence;
•modify the membership of the Canadian Firearms Advisory Committee to include knowledgeable law enforcement officers, public health advocates, representatives from women’s groups, and members of the legal community;
•require enhanced background checks for anyone seeking to purchase a handgun or other restricted firearm;
•require purchasers of firearms to show a license when they buy a gun, and require all sellers of firearms to confirm that the license is valid before completing the sale;
•require firearms vendors to keep records of all firearms inventory and sales to assist police in investigating firearms trafficking and other gun crimes;
•immediately implement the imported gun marking regulations that have been repeatedly delayed by Stephen Harper; and
•as part of our investment in border infrastructure, invest in technologies to enhance our border guards’ ability to detect and halt illegal guns from the United States entering into Canada.
We will not create a new national long-gun registry to replace the one that has been dismantled.
We will ensure that Canada becomes a party to the international Arms Trade Treaty.

New Democratic Party (NDP)
Stopping the smuggling of illegal firearms and enable all municipalities, provinces, and territories to implement a ban on handguns.
Quoted from page 15 of the 2015 NDP policy book at: https://web.archive.org/web/20150213112709/http://xfer.ndp.ca/2013/policybook/2013-04-17-PolicyBook_E.pdf


Green Party of Canada (Key parts of the policy)
The Green Party of Canada opposes any and all unreasonable risks to citizens and society at large due to inappropriate use of firearms. We are not opposed to the use of firearms for safe, sustainable, and legal hunting, acknowledging that for many aboriginal and non-aboriginal people, wild game is an important source of food and cultural heritage.

As far back as 1934, legislation required the registration of handguns with records identifying the owner, the owner's address and the firearm, and the possession of legal handguns has always tightly restricted, coming close to a virtual ban. Contrary to popular misperception, there still is a registry for restricted firearms, including all legal handguns. The problem with handguns is due mostly to illegal handguns smuggled from the USA.

Many concerned Canadians have asserted that the gun registry has helped keep law and order and save lives, and police officers across Canada have been divided on the issue. Many rural Canadians and First Nations people found the long gun registry (for non-restricted models of rifles and shotguns) onerous and discriminatory. We have always believed compromise was possible in reforming the registry to accommodate the concerns of legal gun users while ensuring that law enforcement agencies have the tools they need. We need to better balance these interests and ensure that Canadians are as safe as possible, without imposing ineffective or unreasonable restrictions on law abiding hunters and target shooters.

Green Party MPs will:
•Provide increased support for Integrated Border Enforcement Teams made up of officers from the RCMP, Canada Border Services, U.S. Customs, and the U.S. Coast Guard in their gathering of intelligence and arresting of gun smugglers;
•Put strict measures in place for those who attempt to cross the Canada/U.S. border with illegal firearms. Ensure that gun smuggling is prosecuted as a gun crime of the highest order rather than as only a customs violation;
•Fulfill Canada’s obligation under international agreements (United Nations Firearms Protocol and the Organization of American States Firearms Convention) to mark all imported firearms, as recommended by the Canadian Association of Police Boards and the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police;
•Ensure that gun crime charges are not dropped to facilitate convictions on lesser charges;
•Review the registry for restricted firearms in consultation with First Nations, and with gun sports and hunter organizations. We will ensure law-abiding citizens do not have their firearms unreasonably confiscated;
•Work with target shooting organizations to establish safe and protected locations where target shooting can be practiced.

Read the full Green Party Policy on Firearms here: https://web.archive.org/web/20160530010625/https://www.greenparty.ca/en/policy/vision-green/people/justice/guns


Libertarian Party of Canada (2015 election platform)

The official position of the Libertarian Party of Canada is to remove the prohibitions and legislative obstacles for the ownership of guns by peaceful citizens for the purposes of recreation, self-defence and hunting.If elected, the Libertarian Party of Canada would:
•Repeal section 91 and 92 of the Criminal Code to make responsible gun possession legal
•Revise the legal definition of weapon and firearm to reflect that guns are tools when in the hands of qualified civilians
•Eliminate the provincial and territorial Chief Firearms Offices as a cost saving mechanism and transfer responsible gun ownership to a certification based system
•Eliminate the unfair search and seizure provisions under the Firearms Act and reverse the onus provisions so that citizens are not labelled criminals before their day in court


Christian Heritage Party of Canada.
Firearm Ownership is Your RIGHT
Canadian gun owners are discovering that the CHP promotes and champions the right to own a firearm and the right to own and enjoy their private property. The CHP also believes these rights must be embedded in our Constitution.
Full CHP article here: https://www.chp.ca/Commentary/detail/firearm-ownership-is-your-right/7

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